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Descartes 
The father of duality. The only reason we are talking about him is that he said, "I think, therefore I am". He even got that wrong. It should be, " I think, therefore God exists". 
His "duality" was about the separation of spirit and matter. He had a lady friend who, I do respect, asked him how the soul controlled the body. His answer was, "nevermind, it just does". 
Spinoza discovered the answer to the question Descartes's lady friend asked.  One Substance aka monism. Spinoza's belief was rejected by his family, his religion, and his village. He was run out of that village at the age of 23. 
The Hindu gurus, long before Spinoza, would say, "it is all an illusion of a non-dual nature".

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  • 2 weeks later...

I never really got into philosophers outside of liking the odd quote here and there. I am sure a lot of them have value and if their lessons make you a better person and make your life better, go for it. It just isn't something I ever got into all that heavy. 

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11 hours ago, JRexx said:

I never really got into philosophers outside of liking the odd quote here and there. I am sure a lot of them have value and if their lessons make you a better person and make your life better, go for it. It just isn't something I ever got into all that heavy. 

In college I had to take at least two classes on philosophy and really enjoyed the first one. It was much later that I learned about Socrates and his method of asking questions. He believed you could learn something from anyone. 

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Posted (edited)

EWTN has THE PHILOSOPHERS' BENCH where two philosophers from Boston College University sit on a bench and discuss various topics. Once in a while Dr. Peter Kreeft is with Dr. J. Budziszewski from Texas University. Most of the time Peter is with Ronald K. Tacelli.
Today science, women studies, etc. have pushed philosophy off the main stage. Can you say esoteric? 

Edited by chrysostom
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A word exercise.

existence substance essence sense cause effect reason logic purpose meaning nature understanding 


If these words have any meaning for you, chances are you might be a philosopher in the making. It is all about thinking and trying to make sense of the world we live in. It didn't start with Socrates but he did start asking questions and caused a lot of problems. He had to die because those in power didn't like the answers. 

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Who could be against enlightenment? So many are but surely they are the immature. Grow up and think for yourself even though others will be threatened by it. Go ahead and ask the question. Why must you obey? You have a duty to question everything as well as to obey. You must think about this. You are free to do it.

Kant on Enlightenment

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